Strand: Living Things

Lesson: The Heart


That the children will know:
1. The parts of the heart and functions
2. Composition of blood, function of white / red blood cells and platelets
3. Blood types
4. How blood is transported throughout the body
5. Effect of exercise on the pulse


ials Needed

Young Scientist Vol. 8 (World Book)
Your Body Vol. 5 (Childcraft)
The Human Body and How it Works (Kingfisher Books)
Look Around 5 Chart: The Heart (Frank Schaffer Publications)
Laptop, projector and digital camera, extension lead
Software: CD Roms "The Ultimate Human Body 2.0" (D.K. Multimedia) and "Science Explorer II"
Other : Funnels, Plastic Tubing, Electrical Tape, Stopwatch and Cardboard Tubes.



Organisation of class:
Class group as unit except for experts (group Work) + Laptop (4 groups)

1. Refer to 'Heart' chart:
Description of heart - a pump, made of muscle, the size of a fist, situated between the lungs;
Made of muscular walls;
heart chambers: Right + Left Atrium (blood from body pumped to lungs to get O2. Right + Left Ventricle blood pumped from lungs to other parts of the body).

2. Explain the word Circulation:
What is a Vein / Artery / Capillary Valve / Aorta / Venae Cavae?
96,000 kms. of vessels, enough to circle the Earth almost 21/2 times.


3. Composition of Blood
a) Plasma - yellowish, clear liquid b) Blood cells
(I) Red blood cells carry O2 through the body and helps get rid of CO2
(II) White blood cells help protect the body against infections and diseases
(III) Platelets help your cuts etc. to heal.

4. Blood Types A / B / AB / O
Donations and blood transfusions.
Haemophiliacs and clotting.

5. Effect of exercise on pulse:
describe experiment to speed up your pulse and measurement in 15 seconds
No. X 4 = 1 minute Human pulse = 70 beats per minute Mouse = 500 and Elephant = 25


Use Laptop and Projector

(i) Software - Science Explorer II:
Map - Human Beings - Heart maker Investigation and also go to Test Yourself (easy and hard)

(ii) The Ultimate Human Body 2.0 :
Click on Systems Scanner in 3D Lab. - Body Machine - Click on How often does your heart beat? Also in Systems Scanner, click on Circulatory System and see all blood vessels throughout the body. May click and zoom into any area. Click on Body Organs in Systems Scanner, click on heart.


(a) How fast does your heart beat (home-made stethoscope)

(b) Effects of exercise on pulse - draw graph.

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