Strand: Materials

Lesson: Properties of Materials


Aims: To make the children aware of various properties and characteristics of different materials, namely, wood, plastic, glass, fabric, metal and stone or brick.

Objectives: To sort and classify materials according to colour, size, shape, pattern and texture.

Materials Needed

Table and display corner
Large collection of various materials
Flashcards clearly marked with the words wood, plastic, glass fabric, metal and stone / brick
Paper and pencils
Old magazines
Scissors and glue
Storybook of The Three Little Pigs
Digital Camera



The story of The Three Little Pigs is read/or told to class. Children discuss the materials used by each little pig and the advantages/disadvantages of using same. Class will discuss various materials in our world.


Through observing and handling the various objects colledted for this lesson the following language will be elicited or given:

- materials, wood, plastic, glass, fabric, metal, stone, brick, rough, smooth, hard, soft, heavy, light, strong, weak, warm, cool, painted, unpainted, even, uneven, sharp, blunt, rusty, pointy, dangerous, silky, cosy, wool, cotton, silk, leather, linen, nylon, magnet, magnetic, attract, recycled, can be recycled.

Children will collect, sort, group, question, discuss and predict what will happen to . if ., observe characteristics, such as .. Investigate, observe and do simple experiments on various materials collected.

Class will then begin sorting, classifying, grouping and displaying the various materials collected into the following groups: Wood, Plastic, Glass, Fabric, Metal and Stone or Brick. Pictures of grouped objects are taken using the digital camera.

Conclusion/Follow Up Activities

Children will then search in old magazines for pictures of items made from these materials. Oral work follows to categorise the pictures of things made from: Wood, Plastic, Glass, Fabric, Metal and Stone or Brick.

Children work in goups and make booklets on 'Our pictures of things made from ' . Each material is displayed in a separate booklet.

Digital camera pictures and booklets are discussed and more observations on textures, patterns etc, of each material are revised (see language elicited above).

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