'Le Plan' is a systematic structure for the writing of essays which is taught as a fundamental skill in French second level education. The ability to use 'Le Plan' is seen as an essential accomplishment on the part of all French students who are expected to present their second and third level essays in accordance with 'Le Plan'.
The essay is structured in the following manner:
Part 1: Introduction
The introduction is always written in three parts:
i) The introduction should start with a quotation or striking statement
of a well known
ii) The issue: the topic under discussion should be introduced generally,
in the form of a
iii) Announce the structure, outlining the layout of the essay. This
might be done by means of such phrases as: 'Before raising the issue
as to whether...'
Part 2: Development
The development is usually divided into two parts, each of which may have several paragraphs, referred to hereafter as parts A and B. The key to this section lies in the logical link between the paragraphs. This link can be achieved by a number of methods such as:
i) (A) - Analysis of facts / trends / problems.
or ii) (A) - Analysis of facts / trends / problems.
or iii) (A) - General approach; argument in support of the thesis being
Part 3: Conclusion
The conclusion to the essay is presented in two parts.
i) Summarise the theme or thesis of the essay in one or two sentences. Alternatively the outcome or conclusion could be stated.
ii) This part is called the 'overture', or opening. Its function is
to open out the
or to show how the issue is dealt with in other countries or times,
or to suggest how the theme or issue might develop in the future.
click here to download the 'Le Plan' in print out form (pdf) file
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