Our class investigated the fishing industry in Ireland. We used the Internet, CD ROMs and books to find information. This is what we discovered.
The Irish Fishing Industry
1: ¼ of the sea area of the European
Union surrounds the coast of Ireland.
2: Killybegs is Irelands largest fishing port.
3: About 3,000 fishing boats work around the Irish coasts.
4: Ireland's fishing industry is heavily concentrated on the west coast.
5: A typical trawler might have the following equipment; fish finder, VHF radio, radar, and GPS.
6: The following fish are caught in the Irish sea; cod, pollock, haddock, plaice, mackerel, John Dory, sole, salmon, ling and herring.
7: A typical trawler measures 20m or more.
8: ¼ of a trawler is under water.
9: Dublin is the main fish market.
After the fish are caught and landed they are sent to a fish processing plant. Here the fish are cleaned, their innards discarded, bones removed, and head, fins and tail taken off. This is called filleting. The fish are then frozen and packed. The bones are sent to a factory where they are turned into fishmeal. Farmers use fishmeal as a fertiliser.
Fish Processing Factories
There are approximately 60 fish processing factories in Ireland. They employ about 2,000 people.
The main Irish fishing ports are:
The 3 classes of fish are
Fish belonging to each grouping
1: Herring, mackeral, sprat, salmon,
2: Cod, plaice, ling, hake, sole.
3: Crab, lobster, mussels, clams, oysters.
Bord Iascaigh Mhara
In 1952 Bord Iascaigh Mhara was set up to develop the Irish fishing industry. It provides loans and grants to fishermen. BIM has its national training centre in Greencastle, Co. Donegal. Young people are trained in modern fishing methods, navigation, hygiene, and safety at sea, net maintenance and boat repair.
Fish farming is the artificial growing of fish. It is necessary to rear fish artificially to ensure a steady supply of fish for market. The young fish are bred in a hatchery before being moved to tanks or cages. Trout, salmon, oysters and mussels are grown in this way.
Drift netting and trawling are the two most commonly used fishing techniques.
1: A flatfish is a broad, flat fish
that swims along the sea floor on one side of its body with both eyes on the
upper side of its body. It buries itself in the sand to hide from danger.
2: A sea anemone is a plant that breeds and eats like a fish. It grows in rock pools along the seashore.
3: A hermit crab is a small crab that makes its home in an empty shell that it finds.
4: A starfish is a star shaped fish that lives on the sea floor.
Interesting Facts About Our Oceans
7/10 of the earth's surface is covered
Life on earth started in the oceans over 3.5 billion years ago as tiny bacteria.
All of the world's oceans are interconnected.
Fish can travel freely from one ocean to the next.
The basking shark is the world's second largest fish. It can grow to 13m in length or as long as a bus.
A sailfish can swim at 60mph.
The great white shark is one of the oceans ferocious creatures.
Sharks never stop growing teeth.
There are 50 types of venomous fish.
In Ireland the weaver fish can sting you.
The blue whale is the biggest mammal in the world. It's as long as a Boeing 737 jet and as heavy as 25 elephants.
Sea urchins are the cows of the sea. They graze on seaweed.
Crabs are the sea's assassins. They kill sea urchins by whacking them with their claws.
Starfish devour their prey by engulfing them in their stomach and dissolving them with acid.
Ireland Fishing Industry
Ms. Barrett's Fifth Class,
St. Mary's National School,